James Larkin was a renowned Irish labor organizer and activist who started the Irish Transport and General Workers’ Union. He is the proprietor of the Irish Transport and General Workers Union (ITGWU), which has grown over the years to become the biggest union in the region.
In 1914, Larkin traveled to the United State and ITGWU broker due to lack of proper administration. Jim was later deported from the U.S. He was an enthusiastic Marxist and ran his labor organizations until the 1940s.
Larking grew up in the slums of Liverpool, England, and he had little access to formal education. He came from a low-income family, and therefore, had to do different jobs during his youth to make more cash. Read more: Jim Larkin | Wikipedia and The Definite Biography of Big Jim Larkin
He once worked as a foreman at the dock of Liverpool. James was a devoted socialist who believed that most workers were being mistreated. He became a member of the National Union of Dock Laborers (NUDL). By 1905. Larkin had become a well-known trade union organizer.
James used militant strike approaches in running his activities, and this attracted the attention of the NUDL. In 1907, he was transferred to Dublin where he decided to establish the Irish Transport and General Workers’ Union. The primary aim of the labor organization was to bring the skilled and unskilled Irish industrial workers together.
Larkin gained popularity and later created the Irish Labor Party, which led several strikes. The biggest action that was led Jim was the 1913 Dublin Lockout where over 100,000 employees failed to work for more than eight months. The strike enabled the workers to be offered fair employment terms.
The activist is also recognized for organizing massive anti-war demonstrations in Dublin during the beginning of World War I. He later flew to the United States to assist his country in acquiring funds to finance the war against the British. While in the U.S, he was jailed for criminal communism and anarchy.
Larkin stayed in prison for three years after which, he was pardoned and deported to his country. He later founded the Workers’ Union of Ireland, and in 1924, Communist International recognized him for his outstanding work.