Having founded Irish Transport and General Workers’ Union, James Larkin, was also both an activist and organizer of Irish labor. He was born in Liverpool, on the 21st of January, 1876. He was raised in the slums of the town, thus acquired very little education. Learn more about Jim Larkin: http://ireland-calling.com/james-larkin/
In his young years, he worked in many areas so as to contribute to the income of the family. He also served at the Liverpool docks as a foreman. He believed that workers were unfairly treated, inspiring him to join the NUDL. In 1905, he became an organizer of the trade union.
In 1907, Jim was moved to Dublin after his methods of the militant strike were found to be alarming by the National Union of Dock Laborers. This was when he founded the ITGWU. The union’s objective was to unite all the workers from the Irish industries to make them come together as one. This was inclusive of each worker, whether skilled or unskilled.
Later, he founded a party representing Irish Labor, with which he led numerous strikes. In 1913, he began the Dublin Lockout where over 100,000 workers were on strike for an approximate period of eight months. In the long run, they obtained what they were looking for, which was the right to fair employment.
At Dublin, he led in the demonstrations on anti-war. Following the Dublin Lockout, the Irish Transport and General Workers’ Union fell apart. In 1914, he visited the United States of America regardless of the fact that he knew he would be deported. He had traveled to raise funds so as to defeat the British in the war.
Jim Larkin was jailed for communism and criminal anarchy but received a pardon after three years. He was then deported to Ireland from where he controlled the Workers Union of Ireland. In 1924, he was recognized by the Communist International.
In the 1930s, he proceeded to reach the center as the church was disapproving communism. During this period, he created a base to support the Dublin Corporation, as he paid more attention to WUI.
In the 1940s, Jim Larkin managed to restore his stand by making the current housing problem a priority and opposing the Trade Union Act. He was chosen to hold the position of Labor TD for the North Eastern part of Dublin in 1943. In 1946, he fell as he supervised repairs done on the WUI’s Hall. He passed away in the following year, on 30th January.